Today is the XVth Sunday after Trinity or Trinity XV. As most Sundays Trinity XV is a Semidouble. The liturgical color is green. The Octave of the Nativity of the BVM is Simple so that nothing is said of the Octave (except on the Octave Day itself). The Universal Kalendar commemorates St. Gorgonius and in the Supplemental section the Anglican Breviary gives St. Peter Claver. The Saints given for possible use in the S-section of the Anglican Breviary are not part of the Universal or Simple Kalendars. They are local in nature and are merely added on this blog as suggestions. The Collect for Trinity XV is derived from the Gelasian Sacramentary.
The Vespers of yesterday were the Second Vespers of the Nativity of the BVM. The Office was said according to Common II of the BVM in the Anglican Breviary. The word “Nativity” was inserted everytime the “N.” was printed in one of the commons. The Psalms were taken from Common I but the Antiphons from Common II. The Antiphon on the Magnificat was taken from Common II for the 2nd Vespers. The Chapter was Ecclus. 24, 17, and the Hymn was Ave, maris stella, the Collect was that given at Common II. The first commemoration was of Trinity XV using the versicle and response of Saturday Vespers (p. C580) and the Collect for Trinity XV.
The Matins of today belongs to Trinity XV. The Invitatory & Hymn are as usual for Sundays. The Psalms and Antiphons are also of the normal Sunday course. The Scripture lessons (of Nocturn I) are taken from the Second Sunday of September which continue The Book of Job. The lessons in Nocturn II are taken from St. Gregory the Great’s Morals on Job. The Gospel is the beginning (Incipit) of Matthew 6, 24 and the Homily is taken from those of St. Augustine of Hippo. The Te Deum is used.
At Lauds, immediately following Matins, the normal Sunday pattern for Psalms and their Antiphons is used. The Chapter and Hymn (Ecce jam noctis) are also the usual for Sundays. The Antiphon on the Benedictus is taken from Trinity XV (p. C689). No Preces are said. The Collect is of Trinity XV. Because the Octave is simple it is ignored entirely in the Office except on the Octave Day. The first commemoration is taken from the Universal Kalendar: St. Gorgonius. The commemoration is made by using Table 5b and the proper Collect given for this feast. The second commemoration comes from the S-section in the back of the Breviary: St. Peter Claver. The Collect uses the word “negroes” which it is not appropriate to do. To avoid racist implication this word should be substituted with an appropriate word. The commemoration is made by making use of Table 9b and the proper Collect given on p. S55.
The Little Hours, from Prime to None inclusive, are as usual for Sundays in Trinitytide. At Prime the Martyrology for September 10th is read.
Today’s Mass is said at the usual hour (following Terce). The propers are taken from Trinity XV in the Anglican Missal. The first Collect is that of Trinity XV followed by that for St. Gorgonius and the Collects are concluded with that of St. Peter Claver. The Epistle of today was altered at the Reformation. The pre-Reformation Epistle consisted of Galatians 5, 25-26 & 6, 1-10. The Epistle given by the Reformers via the Book of Common Prayer is Galatians 6, 11-18. The pre-Reformation Epistle emphasizes what we must do to live a spiritual life because “whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap” says the Apostle Paul. The post-Reformation Epistle emphasizes our nothingness and resourcelesness and our total dependence on God. The core of the post-Reformation Epistle is “But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ.” Those fortunate enough to say (or hear) Mass from the English Missal (or Knott Missal) can find the pre-Reformation Epistle in the supplemental section. The Gospel is taken from Matthew vi, 24-34 and virtually unchanged compared to the pre-Reformation Gospel. The only change being the addition of verse 34 to the reading. The addition of verse 34 again places extra emphasis on our total dependence on God.
At Vespers the usual Sunday Psalms and Antiphons are used. The Chapter & Hymn are also of Sunday. The Antiphon on the Magnificat is taken from Trinity XV (p. C689). The only commemoration is of St. Nicholas of Tolentino using Table 9a and the Proper Collect for his Feast. At Compline all is as usual for Sundays.
Fr. Gregory Wassen