“In the beginning God created heaven and earth.” (Genesis 1. 1) What is created is made from nothing. For what is made from something, is indeed made, but is not created, because it is not made from nothing. Therefore, God made heaven and earth; and He not only made but created them; that is, He made them from nothing. The philosophers of the pagans assumed, so to speak, a certain three principles of things without beginning: an artisan [demiurge], matter, and form, maintaining that those things which were made were all fashioned from matter into form by an artisan. But they maintained that God was a maker only, not a creator. The true faith, however, declares that there is one one first principle only which always was, and that by this alone was that which once did not exist made to exist.
¬ Hugh of St. Victor “De Sacramentis,” First Book, Part I, section 1.